'The only way to learn mathematics is to do mathematics'
Our Maths Flow Chart outlines key aspects of maths teaching and learning in KS1 and KS2 at Aspin Park Academy.
Our maths progression document.
Maths at Aspin Park Academy equips pupils with a uniquely powerful set of tools to understand and change the world. These tools include logical reasoning, problem solving skills and the ability to think in abstract ways. It is important in everyday life, allowing us to make sense of the world around us, being able to count, calculate and measure and understand time, money and shape.
The Primary Curriculum (2014) highlights the importance of integrating using and applying of maths through the subject itself and other curriculum areas. It is therefore important that some Mathematics will be taught outside of the Maths session.
We follow Whiterose which focuses on building a culture of deep understanding, confidence and competence in maths through fluency, problem solving and reasoning. This is delivered through our pedagogical approach where we ‘sow the seed’ and a learning objective is introduced and linked to a fun maths fact. Children are exposed to new mathematical vocabulary and opportunities to reason and explain.
We ‘engage’ the children in their maths learning by beginning our lessons with an exciting hook linked to the learning objective. This may be a real-life context or problem which gives children a purpose for their learning. During the maths unit, children learn methods for representing calculations and problems that they can apply across different contexts.
We ‘develop’ maths skills through: visible modelling, questioning, teaching in small steps and opportunities for reasoning and problem solving. The small steps are taught through a concrete, pictorial and abstract approach to build children's understanding of the relationship between numbers and the real world. Modelling is a key part of our maths lessons where we teach mathematical vocabulary and reasoning language to enable children to become creative thinkers and to choose strategies to solve mathematical problems.
At the end of every unit we allow the children to ‘harvest’ their maths skills by solving an investigation to enable them to use taught skills in a different context.
"I like when we play a maths warm up because it helps me get ready for the lesson"
Our INTENT in maths is
*To enable each pupil to develop within their capabilities, not only the mathematical skills and understanding required for later life, but also an enthusiasm and fascination about maths itself, and have a positive approach to the subject.
*To develop confidence in maths calculations, the use of logical thinking and use of mathematical language
*To develop a range of mental and written strategies which can be used with speed and accuracy and see the links that can be made through different areas of mathematics
*To apply mathematics to everyday situations and solve problems
*To develop the skills of reasoning and being able to explain why
We IMPLEMENT this as
We follow the National Curriculum (2014) and Early Years Foundation Stage Framework (March 2021). From Foundation Stage to Year Six, White Rose planning is used to support teaching in order to have clear progression and coverage across each year group.
At Foundation Stage and Year 1, Mathematics is an integral part of focus activities and provision areas, both indoors and out. Aspin Park encourages the adoption of a Daily Maths session of between 45 and 60 minutes from Term 2 in Year 1. The session will usually begin with an active mental oral starter of approximately 10 minutes, which may include recapping work covered previously, practising concepts to be developed during the main teaching session or practise of KIRFs (Key Instant Recall Facts).
"In maths lessons I like counting because it is a good skill to learn"
The main teaching time may comprise of direct teaching to the whole class; group, pair or individual work; or a combination of both. A mastery approach is used, where teaching is aimed at ARE (Age Related Expectations) for that year group. Children generally work in mixed ability tables.
Our lesson structure follows 4 key principles:
- KIRFs (Key Instant Recall Facts) we begin every lesson with an active starter where all children are involved
- Recap previous learning to address previous misconceptions and assess understanding
- Context we give the children a purpose for their maths learning by introducing a real life context linked to the learning objective.
- Learning we model new skills, including efficient and accurate methods, ask key questions and explain and introduce new vocabulary. We include relevant problem solving opportunities and model and use both verbal and written reasoning skills to explore and explain concepts.
Opportunities to explore objectives at ‘greater depth’ are through our self choice 1, 2 and 3 star activities.
Children are encouraged to work collaboratively at times, through the use of talk partners and group work to help further their thinking and develop skills for working with different people.
"Maths helps you know about numbers and then when you grow up you can teach your children too"
The IMPACT of our maths approach is
Thoroughly monitored throughout the year. White Rose block assessments are used before a block is taught (pre-assessment) and after a unit of work is completed, with a delay of at least a week to assess retainment. This allows staff to plan the unit of work to best meet the needs of the class group and put in any support if needed.
Children carry out Rising Star PUMA tests (previous SATs tests in Y2 and Y6) in order to track progress in Autumn, Spring and Summer. Standardised scores are then discussed at a Pupil Data Meeting with a member of SLT. Any children not meeting ARE are particularly discussed and interventions or support systems put in place. Progress is also discussed with parents at three structured conversations throughout the year as well as three written reports which include current level of progress towards ARE and a maths target. We also moderate across the year groups and age phases and across other schools in the Elevate MAT.
- In the Foundation Stage, the EYFS Profile may comment on children’s early progress in Maths in preparation for entering KS1.
- In Year 2, SATs tests are taken to help inform TA (Teacher Assessment) for Maths which is reported to the Local Authority. Children sit an arithmetic and a reasoning paper during May.
- Formal SATs tests are taken by Year 6 in May of each year and results are reported to the Local Authority. Children sit an arithmetic paper and two reasoning papers.
Through this monitoring, we are able to see:
- Pupils accessing maths work with excellent levels of fluency and understanding
- Pupils who recognise links between different areas of maths
- Pupils who can use a variety of strategies to problem solve and apply their maths skills in a range of contexts
- Pupils who are confident at reasoning about maths, exploring and explaining their ideas clearly
- Pupils who can use a wide range of mathematical vocabulary accurately
- Pupils who can apply their maths skills to investigate a concept or idea that may have multiple answers
KIRFs (Key Instant Recall Facts)
We use our KIRF progression chart to develop quick recall of maths facts such as times tables and number bonds is vital when children begin to use written methods to solve calculations using addition, subtraction, multiplication and division.
Our postcards outline the KIRFs in each year group and how to support at home.
Every classroom has a ‘working wall’ to display and support current Maths learning. All displays will have a red border. They may show: useful vocabulary; concrete, pictorial and abstract representations; resources and how to use them; steps for working through a problem; a challenge; a WAGOLL (what a good one looks like) example and links to other maths skills.
There is a separate calculation policy detailing progression through the four operations, the models and images used and the written algorithms for each.
Parents Booklets are given out at the beginning of Foundation Stage, Year One, Year Two, Key Stage Two and Year Six. These cover things such as vocabulary used and its meaning, methods for the four operations, KIRFs for that year and useful websites and APPs. They also include things that could be done at home to support Maths learning in school. Structured conversations and termly reports also keep parents informed as to how their child is doing in their Maths work.
Maths through books
There are many fantastic books available to help your child with maths, through stories. Here are some examples which you may enjoy together: